Exercise 3.4.7. Given where are orthonormal vectors, compute and show that

Answer:We have so that

since the transpose of a sum is equal to the sum of the transposes. The product of the sums can then be decomposed into two sums of products as follows:

But since are orthonormal vectors we have when and when , so that

We thus have

NOTE: This continues a series of posts containing worked out exercises from the (out of print) book Linear Algebra and Its Applications, Third Edition by Gilbert Strang.

If you find these posts useful I encourage you to also check out the more current Linear Algebra and Its Applications, Fourth Edition, Dr Strang’s introductory textbook Introduction to Linear Algebra, Fifth Edition and the accompanying free online course, and Dr Strang’s other books.

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